Synonyms: Common sage
Scientific Name: Salvia officinalis L.
Family: Lamiaceae (labiate plant)
Essential oil, tannins, amaroids, flavonoids
It could be described as elegant with its slender leaves covered with a greenish-grey down. This velvety covering is the first sign that this is indeed sage. If you then rub the leaves, the sage aroma that spreads is the unmistakable proof. Sage is a semi-shrub type plant, growing to 8-24/20-60 cm in height, as it lignifies (gets woody) at the base but at the upper end the stems remain soft and covered with felt-like down. From June to July the pale violet to blue-violet flowers adorn the velvety bush, gathering together in loose heads and stretching both lips towards you, a sign of labiate plants. It is worth looking at these marvellous flowers more carefully, their lips seeming to form small mouths out of which the stamens project like tongues.
Sage tea soothes the gums, mouth and throat, calms the mucous membranes, balances perspiration and has a positive effect on the stomach and the intestines. The essential oil purifies and soothes cramps, a due to its content of tannins. In homeopathy it is used predominantly for excess perspiration.
As early as the early Middle Ages sage was being used widely in central Europe. It owes to the Virgin Mary its reputation for being able to grant eternal life. According to legend, in her flight to Egypt with the infant Jesus she is said to have hidden from Herod under a sage bush. Many sayings, such as Whoever grows sage barely looks at death! (Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Wander), bear witness to its health-supporting properties. Sage is one of the strong August herbs which in churches were dedicated to the dying Mother of Christ on the feast of the Assumption. These important herbs were supposed to protect against magic, conflagration and hailstorms and also aided fertility and made it easier to give birth. They were placed in the seed chest or in the coffin of those who had died. Many were herbs to be burned as incense during religious festivals. Along with yarrow, mugwort, arnica, calendula and sage, familiar herbs such as lovage and dill came to be used as traditional herbal medicines.
The plant from another perspective
Although the natural habitat of sage is in the warm climates of the Mediterranean, it can withstand cold winters. Ever green, the small bush appears at its freshest and most vital particularly in the cold season: an expression of its great vitality that connects with the physical life forces in man. Sage has a close relationship to the skin as a secreting organ, and to the activity of the sweat glands. By helping to connect man more closely to his physical body, sage has a warming quality.
The plant in our products
Sage is used in: