Borage - Borago officinalis L.

Borage

Synonyms:  Burrage, Starflower, Common Bugloss, Beebread, Bee Plant.
Scientific Name: Borago officinalis L.
Family: Boraginaceae


Habitat

Asia Minor



Constituents

Tannins, silicic acid, mucilages, flavonoids.



Description

From June to August a shining blue sea of flowers that appears covered with a shimmering mist is visible far and wide. Burrage? Borage? The names are far less enchanting than the appearance, which captivates the beholder. When you look more closely you are tempted to turn upside down to get a proper look at this exotic-looking flower, copying the bees which hang head-downwards on the lips of the nectar-rich flowers. The flowers, which appear almost to come from another world, stand in thick clusters with their heads nodding towards the ground. With the pistils and anthers forming a prominent cone in the centre, the flowers look almost like insect heads surrounded like a star by five green and five delicate, brilliant blue petals. This annual herb, which grows to a height of 2 feet (60 cm), is covered all over with very fine, stiff hairs, so called bristles, which shine in the sunlight like glittering mist and protect the otherwise sensitive, delicate plant.



Uses

Borage has a cooling action and is a traditional tonic for the veins. It has been used internall to support urination to help rid the body of excess water. In homeopathy it is used in remedies for the heart. In folk medicine it is known as an herb for the lungs, throat, heart, joints, mood and constipation. Its juice mixed with watercress and dandelion juices is used as a detox drink which also has a positive effect on the skin. The silicic acid in the hairs is also nourishing to skin and hair.



Interesting Facts

The origin of the scientific name Borago is not quite clear. It may be derived from the Spanish or late Latin borra meaning, rough-hairy. Borago would then have given rise to the Italian boragine and the French bourrache, from which the German Borretsch and the English Borage were then derived. In German the herb is also called Gurkenkraut, cucumber herb, a reference to its use in pickling cucumbers.

Borage was probably brought to Spain by the Arabs in the Middle Ages and then spread throughout the entire Mediterranean region. Originally a cultivated plant it is now regarded as a garden 'escapee'.

Because it is so rich in nectar Borage is considered one of the best plants for attracting bees. In fact it enters into a special kind of partnership with the bee. In the middle of its flower the filaments and anthers form a central cone in which the pollen collects. Only when the bee, searching for nectar, pushes its head between the filaments does the pollen fall out and can fertilize the flower. For ants Borage has another delicacy to offer. At the attachment point of the ripe seeds or nutlets they find a very fatty part for which they carry away the nuts: the ideal transport system for dispersal of the plant.

The herb, which has a pleasant taste of fresh cucumbers, can be added raw to salads or cooked to give a spinach-like vegetable. It is also the chief ingredient of the German dish Frankfurter Gruene Sosse (Frankfurt Green Sauce). Some people see in the Borage flower, with its magical aura, the much sung blue flower of the German Romantics, the symbol of infinite romantic longing.



The plant from another perspective

Borage grows prolifically but never excessively so, its growth always remaining well-ordered. The flowers, their blue colour signalling coolness, incline their heads to the ground, a gesture of quiet formed-ness and heaviness. However the plant does not remain in this heaviness but is dispersed with the help of the bees and ants which collect the nectar and the seeds. Thus Borage is a model for sluggish or stagnant processes to flow again in a formed manner and cools inflammation. 



The plant in our products

Extracts of the flowering herb Borage are used in: